Fibromyalgia is a long term or chronic medical problem characterized by pain through out the body, especially in the arms, shoulders, legs, neck and hips, along with tenderness and pain in the tendons, joints and the muscles. Patients suffering from this condition may also complain of regular bouts of headaches, gastro intestinal problems, insomnia, depression and fatigue.
Individuals with this condition may also suffer from memory related problems known as fibro fog. The actual cause behind this condition is still unknown. However, there are numerous factors which can trigger this condition. Through this article we will explore some of the possible trigger agents of fibromyalgia.
Top Causes of Fibromyalgia
Detailed medical research has revealed the fact that there is a definite link between fibromyalgia and physical trauma. People who have suffered a major injury in the upper regions of the spine are twice as likely to develop this condition as compared to others.
Any major physical trauma or injury brought about by a car or motorbike accident can trigger numerous biochemical changes inside the brain. These sudden changes in the biochemical processes inside the brain can unleash many physical ailments which are generally associated with fibromyalgia.
Emotional trauma brought about by the death of a close relative, stress inducing situations like the birth of child, change of job, or divorce can all trigger the condition called fibromyalgia.
In fact some of the common symptoms of fibromyalgia including depression, insomnia and chronic fatigue are all activated by extreme emotional trauma. People who live under constant stress have a higher chance of developing this condition than others.
There is a definite connection between genetics and fibromyalgia. Individuals who have a family history of fibromyalgia have a higher chance of developing this condition than others. Chronic body pain which is one of the most obvious symptoms of this condition is the result of a genetic tendency.
Some people inherit certain types of genes which make them respond to pain creating stimuli in an intense manner. This is the reason why some people have higher pain threshold while others are born with a lower threshold of pain.
Certain infectious diseases can also initiate this medical condition. People who are exposed to the Epstein Barr virus, which causes numerous disease conditions ranging from influenza to Hepatitis B, have a higher risk of developing fibromyalgia.
Viruses like Epstein Barr virus can wreak havoc on the immune system. These viruses are also known to fasten themselves to certain types of brain cells called glial cells. Virus particles which stick to the brain cells can affect neurotransmission and the way a person responds to pain.
In some individuals a major surgery, especially surgery done on the upper back, can trigger fibromyalgia. Major surgical intervention can create physical trauma in patients. This trauma created by surgery in turn can be a causative factor for this disease condition.